From London to Sydney, what’s left of his legacy from the Olympics
One year of the Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, there are still doubts about the legacy the event will leave for the city. Of white elephants to major renovations, previous seats won and lost with the Olympic Games. Create new olympic memories while watching the games on your computer or smartphone.
With a budget estimated at 24.6 billion reais, the legacy of the Olympics in Rio de Janeiro has 27 projects. The programme covers urban, environmental works and, of course, sports. Flagship of the bid, the Guanabara Bay remediation project, for example, is unlikely to be completed until next year. However, other initiatives such as the subway line that will connect Ipanema to Barra da Tijuca, will be ready by July 2016.
All four previous headquarters were also Olympic Games legacy plans. The results, however, were different in each city. Of white elephants to major urban revitalization initiatives, check out what’s left of the Olympics in the last 15 years.
District of Stratford, East London, was one of the targets of the legacy project of the last edition
The East of the city was the most developed region, mainly the area of Stratford. The former industrial region had 2,000,000 tons of land decontaminated and thousands of trees planted.
Shortly after the games, with the opening of public parks, the number of citizens who practised sports all week increased by 1.4 million. On the other hand, in the last year, the number of people who do not practice any sports climbed on 1.2 million, and 391,000 stopped swimming, due to the increase in the price of admission in public pools – which calls into question the legacy “inspiring” promised during the games and praised by some three years later.
The Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, which encompasses the Lee Valley velodrome VeloPark and the London Aquatics Centre, is considered by some a “white elephant”. In addition, the fact of having spent about 13 billion dollars of public money in the construction of the Park still inflames discussions
The 2008 Olympics have announced a “new China”, and modern technology. Five new subway lines were opened in Beijing, and a law which reduced the movement of cars in half just enacted. In the following years, however, the growth of the city aggravated the existing bottlenecks, while social problems and pollution have continued to stagnate.
Designed by architects Herzog and de Meuron, the Beijing National Stadium, known as bird’s nest, it cost about $ 430,000,000. Today, it hosts two to three sets per year. Already the Beijing National Aquatics Center, known as the water cube, it cost $ 550,000,000 and is only remembered because of the water park built in its interior.
It is estimated that it will take about 30 years to get all of the expenses of the event – approximately 32 billion dollars, the most expensive budget in the history of the Olympic Games – if you pay. In 2022, the Chinese capital will host the Winter Olympics.
Softball Stadium in the Helliniko complex in Athens, ten years after the Olympics
The second edition of the modern games in Greece had major investments in urban infrastructure. New roads, expansion of public transport, urban works and a new airport are some of the projects that came out of the paper.
The biggest gamble of the Committee, however, was the construction of the Helliniko Olympic complex, with five stages. Eleven years later, the site collects “white elephants”, as the gymnasium of table tennis and gymnastics, which is for sale, and the stadiums of football and softball, abandoned. The plan to transform Helliniko in a metropolitan park has never been effective.
According to the Greek Government, the games cost 8.5 billion euros to the public purse – twice the original budget. On the other hand, the tourism industry has grown considerably since then. In 2014, 24,200,000 tourists visited the country, more than double the 11,700,000 recorded in 2004.
The first Olympics of the new millennium has put the Australian metropolis definitely on the route of the great international sporting events. The legacy – which has the largest Olympic Stadium in the world, with 110,000 places-Australia to host other events such as the Rugby World Cup, in 2008, and the World Masters Game in 2009.
Today, the Olympic Stadium receives around 45 events per year. Only in 2011, the Olympic village hosted local events and received 6000 12,000,000 people. After the 2000 games, the Sports Park became a residential and commercial neighborhood, with a stream of 12000 people, revitalize a suburb of Sydney. The plan, however, only left the role in 2005.
It was also the first Olympics that featured an effective sustainability plan, taking into account the environmental impact. The legacy brought the largest metropolitan park of Australia, with 430 hectares, and established the first water recycling system in the country.
Financially, however, the story was different. According to data from the University of Melbourne, the 2000 games left Australian coffers with a rhombus 2.1 billion net.